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Plants, in a state of nature, are always warring with one another, contending for the monopoly of the soil,—the stronger ejecting the weaker,—the more vigorous overgrowing and killing the more delicate. Every modification of climate, every disturbance of the soil, every interference with the existing vegetation of an area, favours some species at the expense of others.
(Joseph Dalton Hooker)


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Sources and links to more information

  • Joseph D. Hooker and Thomas Thomson, Flora Indica: being a Systematic Account of the Plants of British India, together with Observations on the Structure and Affinities of their Natural Orders and Genera, W. Pamplin, 1855.


Geraardsbergen, 3 November 2014.
Latest revision: 3 November 2014.